quinta-feira, 11 de outubro de 2012

Wishing you a Happy Teahcers Day

Teachers Plant Seeds of Knowledge that Grow Forever !

Happy teachers day Scrap for Orkut
mensagem para o dia do professor 8

quinta-feira, 6 de setembro de 2012

Independence Day (Brazil)

The Independence Day of Brazil (Portuguese: Dia da Independência), commonly called Sete de Setembro (7th of September), is a national holiday observed in Brazil on September 7 of every year. The date celebrates Brazil's Declaration of Independence from Portugal on September 7, 1822.
Origin Main article: Brazilian Declaration of Independence

In 1808, French troops commanded by Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Portugal as a retaliation for the Iberian country's refusal to participate in the trade embargo against the United Kingdom. Fleeing persecution, the Portuguese monarchs transferred the Portuguese Court from Lisbon to Salvador, then capital of Colonial Brazil. In 1815, Prince Regent John VI created the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, elevating Brazil to the rank of kingdom and increasing its administrative independence.
A political revolution erupted in Portugal in 1820, forcing the royal family to return. John VI's heir, Pedro I, Prince of Brazil, remained in Brazil. In 1821, the Portuguese Assembly demanded Brazil to return to its former condition of colony and the return of the heir prince to Portugal. Pedro, influenced by the Rio de Janeiro Senate (Senado da Câmara) refused to return on January 9, 1822, a date which became known as Dia do Fico (Stand Day).
On September 2, 1822, a new decree with Lisbon's demands arrived in Rio de Janeiro, while Prince Pedro was in São Paulo. Princess Maria Leopoldina, acting as Princess Regent, met with the Council of Ministers and decided to send her husband a letter advising him to proclaim Brazil's independence. The letter reached Prince Pedro on September 7, 1822. That same day, in a famous scene at the shore of the Ipiranga River, he declared the country's independence, ending 322 years of colonial dominance of Portugal over Brazil.[1] According to journalist Laurentino Gomes, who wrote a book about the event, Prince Pedro "could not wait for his arrival to São Paulo to announce the decision".[2] Gomes adds that "he was a reckless man in his decisions but he had the profile of leader that Brazil needed at the time, because there was no time to think".

In Brasília, the celebration takes place at the Ministries Esplanade with a military parade in the presence of the President of Brazil. Around 30,000 people attend the event each year, which costs about one million reais. Similar military parades are held in all the state capitals, and in many cities throughout the country.


sexta-feira, 3 de agosto de 2012

Father's Day

Father's Day is a celebration of fathers inaugurated in the United States in the early twentieth century to complement Mother's Day in celebrating fatherhood and male parenting.
After the success obtained by Anna Jarvis with the promotion of Mother's Day in the US, some wanted to create similar holidays for other family members, and Father's Day was the choice most likely to succeed. There were other persons in the US who independently thought of "Father's Day", but the credit for the modern holiday is always given to Sonora Dodd, who was the driving force behind its establishment.
Father's Day was founded in Spokane, Washington at the YMCA in 1910 by Sonora Smart Dodd, who was born in Arkansas. Its first celebration was in the Spokane YMCA on June 19, 1910. Her father, the Civil War veteran William Jackson Smart, was a single parent who raised his six children there. After hearing a sermon about Jarvis' Mother's Day in 1909, she told her pastor that fathers should have a similar holiday honoring them. Although she initially suggested June 5, her father's birthday, the pastors hadn't enough time to prepare their sermons, and the celebration was deferred to the third Sunday of June.
It did not have much success initially. In the 1920s, Dodd stopped promoting the celebration because she was studying in the Art Institute of Chicago, and it faded into relative obscurity, even in Spokane. In the 1930s Dodd returned to Spokane and started promoting the celebration again, raising awareness at a national level. She had the help of those trade groups that would benefit most from the holiday, for example the manufacturers of ties, tobacco pipes, and any traditional present to fathers. Since 1938 she had the help of the Father's Day Council, founded by the New York Associated Men's Wear Retailers to consolidate and systematize the commercial promotion. Americans resisted the holiday during a few decades, perceiving it as just an attempt by merchants to replicate the commercial success of Mother's Day, and newspapers frequently featured cynical and sarcastic attacks and jokes. But the trade groups didn't give up: they kept promoting it and even incorporated the jokes into their adverts, and they eventually succeeded. By the mid 1980s the Father's Council wrote that "(...) [Father's Day] has become a 'Second Christmas' for all the men's gift-oriented industries."
A bill to accord national recognition of the holiday was introduced in Congress in 1913. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson went to Spokane to speak in a Father's Day celebration and wanted to make it official, but Congress resisted, fearing that it would become commercialized. US President Calvin Coolidge recommended in 1924 that the day be observed by the nation, but stopped short of issuing a national proclamation. Two earlier attempts to formally recognize the holiday had been defeated by Congress. In 1957, Maine Senator Margaret Chase Smith wrote a proposal accusing Congress of ignoring fathers for 40 years while honoring mothers, thus "[singling] out just one of our two parents". In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued the first presidential proclamation honoring fathers, designating the third Sunday in June as Father's Day. Six years later, the day was made a permanent national holiday when President Richard Nixon signed it into law in 1972.
In addition to Father's Day, International Men's Day is celebrated in many countries on November 19 for men and boys who are not fathers


In Brazil Father's Day (Dia dos Pais, in Portuguese) celebrated 3 months after Mother's Day, on the second Sunday of August. A publicist Sylvio Bhering in the mid-1950s selected the date in honor of Saint Joachim, patriarch of family (as well as the Catholic day of godfathers). It is not an official holiday, but it is widely observed and typically involves spending time with and giving gifts to one's father.

segunda-feira, 2 de julho de 2012


1ST    Today is CANADA DAY! The British established the Dominion of Canada on this day
in 1867. (Display the Canadian flag in your classroom in celebration.)

2ND    THURGOOD MARSHALL, the first black U.S. Supreme Court Justice, was born on
this day in 1908. It is also the anniversary of the CIVIL RIGHTS ACT of 1964.
(Discuss with your class the changes that have taken place in racial equality.)

3RD   The Seminole Indians celebrate their new corn crop today with a GREEN CORN
DANCE. (Ask your students to find out more about the celebration and where it takes

4TH   Today is DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE DAY in the United States. (Celebrate
by attending a community parade or having a family picnic.)

5TH   P.T. BARNUM, American circus showman, was born on this day in 1810. (Ask your
students to discuss their favorite circus performers and acts.)

6TH    American naval hero JOHN PAUL JONES was born on this day in 1747. (Have
your students research this interesting hero of the American Revolution.)

7TH    SATCHEL PAIGE, famous baseball player, was born on this day in 1839. (Ask your
baseball fans to find out which position he played.)

8TH    American industrialist JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER was born on this day in 1839. (Ask
your students to find out what contributions he made toward the building of our

9TH    ELIAS HOWE, inventor of the sewing machine, was born on this day in 1819. (Teach
your students to use a sewing machine this summer. A simple craft, such as a pot
holder, will be a great gift for Mom this holiday season.)

10TH    American artist JAMES McNEILL WHISTLER was born on this day in 1834. (Ask
your students to find a picture of his most well-known painting.)

11TH    American children's author E.B. WHITE was born on this day in 1899. (This is a
good time to begin reading his most famous book, Charlotte's Web, to your class.)

12TH    GEORGE EASTMAN, inventor of the camera and founder of the Eastman Kodak
Company, was born on this day in 1854. (Ask your students to each bring in a photo
of themselves to display on a class bulletin board.)

13TH    The first trans-Atlantic telephone conversation via TELSTAR was completed on this
day in 1962. (Students might be interested in knowing how satellite communications
work in both television and telephone.)

14TH    Today is BASTILLE DAY! This celebration honors the victory of the people during the
French Revolution in 1789. (Ask students to find the city of Paris on the class map.)

15TH    REMBRANDT VAN RIJN, famous old master Dutch artist, was born on this day in
1606. (Bring some prints of Rembrandt's beautiful paintings into your classroom.)

16TH    APOLLO 11 was launched on this day in 1969, with astronauts Collins, Armstrong
and Aldrin. (Ask your students to locate Cape Canaveral, FL, on your classroom map.)

17TH    APOLLO 18 and the U.S.S.R. craft SOYUZ 19 linked up in space in a dramatic
gesture of goodwill in 1975. (Ask your students what other ways nations could
promote peace and goodwill.)

18TH    JOHN GLENN JR., American astronaut and politician, was born on this day in 1921.
(Ask students to find out the particulars of his historic flight.)

19TH   The first WOMEN'S RIGHTS CONVENTION was held on this day in Seneca Falls,
New York in 1848. (Ask students to list some rights that women now have that they
did not have then.)

20TH    The first LANDING ON THE MOON by American astronauts Neil Armstrong and
Buzz Aldrin was accomplished on this day in 1969. (Ask your students to find out
what Armstrong said when he first set foot on the moon's surface.)

21ST    British explorer MUNGO PARK began his voyage down the Niger River in Africa
on this day in 1796. (Ask your students to trace his route on the class map.)

22ND    EMMA LAZARUS, American poet who wrote the poem engraved on the Statue of
Liberty, was born on this day in 1849. (Read her famous poem to your students.)

23RD    The ICE CREAM CONE was introduced at the World's Fair in St. Louis by Italo
Marchioni in 1903. (Treat your students to an ice cream treat on this summer day.) 
24TH    Today is MORMON PIONEER DAY, celebrating the founding of their settlement in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1847. (Have students locate the Great Salt Lake on the classroom

25TH    Franklin D. Roosevelt was the first U. S. president to visit the islands of HAWAII in
1934. (Discuss the customs and dress of the people in Hawaii and hold a class luau.)

26TH   NEW YORK STATE was the eleventh state to ratify the constitution and become a
state, on this day in 1788. (Ask your students to name the other twelve states that
made up the original thirteen.)

27TH    U.S. figure skater PEGGY FLEMING was born on this day in 1948. (Ask your students
to find out which year she won her Olympic gold medal.)

28TH    British children's author BEATRIX POTTER was born on this day in 1866. (Read one
of her charming stories to your class during quiet time.)

29TH   CHARLES, PRINCE OF WALES and LADY DIANA SPENCER were married in St. Paul's Cathedral in London on this day in 1981. (See if your students know the identities of
these two people and ask them to locate London on the classroom map.)

30TH   HENRY FORD, American automobile manufacturer, was born on this day in 1863. (Ask your students to design a futuristic car.)

31ST   THOMAS EDISON received a U.S. patent for his phonograph on this day in 1877.
(Ask students about later advances in this invention and how technology may
change it in the future.)



domingo, 3 de junho de 2012

                                  June Lesson Ideas

Juicy June Lesson Ideas

Some of us in the northern hemisphere may be enjoying a long-awaited break, but there are others who still have plenty of teaching to do. So, for those of you who still need lots of great advice and ideas - never fret! BusyTeacher.org works year round to provide you with fresh tips and suggestions. Here are some fabulous ideas for your June lessons:

How to Teach a Perfect June Lesson


Flag Day

Flag Day is celebrated in the United States on June 14th. If you want to give your ESL students a dose of American history and culture, this is a great opportunity to do it. Americans are typically proud to display their flag outside their businesses and homes, but on this day very few are without a splash of red, white and blue. Some activities you may want to choose include:

o    Talking about the symbolism of the colors chosen for the flag and the flag’s history.

o    Crafts involving the American flag.

o    Reading the lyrics to the Star Spangled Banner, followed by some hearty singing.

o    Check out this excellent June Worksheet, with wonderful Flag Day activities.


Eat Your Vegetables Day

Every month has quirky observances and celebrations, and the month of June is no different. June is National Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Month, and June 17th is Eat Your Vegetables Day. Some great activities include:

o    Teaching or reviewing fruits and vegetables in English. Play games and give your students fun worksheets. Don't forget you can make your own Fruits and Vegetables Word Search with our easy-to-use tool.

o    Talking about healthy eating habits. Give your students a secret message or healthy eating tip to unscramble with our Tile Puzzle creator.

o    Why not give your class a challenge? Dare your students to eat nothing but fruits and vegetables for the entire Eat Your Vegetables Day. Then, ask them to write about what it was like to become a vegetarian for one day. Your students may be surprised to find out it's not that hard after all.

For more interesting or unusual observances for the month of June, go to About.com. You can choose any special day or celebration and make it into a fun-filled lesson!


Father’s Day

This month there’s a very special celebration, and one that students really look forward to: Father’s Day is on June 19th. Here are some of things you can do to celebrate this special day:

o    Father's Day crafts are a must. Help your students make something special to take home to their dads.

o    No Father’s Day lesson is complete without a Father’s Day card.

o    Help students show their dads just how much they love them with a special writing assignment: I love my Dad because..., or have them describe a special trip or day they shared together.

o    Create a Best Dad Award or Certificate.



June 19th, also known as Juneteenth, commemorates the ending of slavery and African-American freedom. It is a great time to share with your students yet another important period in American history. Your Juneteenth lesson may include:

o    Discussions on slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries – What was it like? How did they live? When was slavery abolished?

o    Reading about the role of the Underground Railroad. NationalGeographic.com has an amazing adventure for your advanced students. They must follow a slave on his escape to Canada and be faced with the same decisions runaway slaves were faced with back then.

o    Listening to African hymns and songs.

o    Reading about Phillis Wheatley. Phillis Wheatley was a slave and the first African-American woman to be published. Read about her life with your students, but also give them a chance to see some of her poems although they may not understand most. AmericanPoems.com has some great information on the poet, as well as her poems, available.

BusyTeacher.org has even more great worksheets available for you in our June Worksheets section. Father’s Day, Flag Day and more! So, make this a fun-filled June for your ESL students and relax - we've got the best resources for you so you can enjoy the summer, too.
Fonte site: busyteacher.org

quarta-feira, 2 de maio de 2012

Mother's Day

Mother's Day History

Contrary to popular belief, Mother's Day was not conceived and fine-tuned in the boardroom of Hallmark. The earliest tributes to mothers date back to the annual spring festival the Greeks dedicated to Rhea, the mother of many deities, and to the offerings ancient Romans made to their Great Mother of Gods, Cybele. Christians celebrated this festival on the fourth Sunday in Lent in honor of Mary, mother of Christ. In England this holiday was expanded to include all mothers and was called Mothering Sunday.

In the United States, Mother's Day started nearly 150 years ago, when Anna Jarvis, an Appalachian homemaker, organized a day to raise awareness of poor health conditions in her community, a cause she believed would be best advocated by mothers. She called it "Mother's Work Day."

Fifteen years later, Julia Ward Howe, a Boston poet, pacifist, suffragist, and author of the lyrics to the "Battle Hymn of the Republic," organized a day encouraging mothers to rally for peace, since she believed they bore the loss of human life more harshly than anyone else.

In 1905 when Anna Jarvis died, her daughter, also named Anna, began a campaign to memorialize the life work of her mother. Legend has it that young Anna remembered a Sunday school lesson that her mother gave in which she said, "I hope and pray that someone, sometime, will found a memorial mother's day. There are many days for men, but none for mothers."

Anna began to lobby prominent businessmen like John Wannamaker, and politicians including Presidents Taft and Roosevelt to support her campaign to create a special day to honor mothers. At one of the first services organized to celebrate Anna's mother in 1908, at her church in West Virginia, Anna handed out her mother's favorite flower, the white carnation. Five years later, the House of Representatives adopted a resolution calling for officials of the federal government to wear white carnations on Mother's Day. In 1914 Anna's hard work paid off when Woodrow Wilson signed a bill recognizing Mother's Day as a national holiday.

At first, people observed Mother's Day by attending church, writing letters to their mothers, and eventually, by sending cards, presents, and flowers. With the increasing gift-giving activity associated with Mother's Day, Anna Jarvis became enraged. She believed that the day's sentiment was being sacrificed at the expense of greed and profit. In 1923 she filed a lawsuit to stop a Mother's Day festival, and was even arrested for disturbing the peace at a convention selling carnations for a war mother's group. Before her death in 1948, Jarvis is said to have confessed that she regretted ever starting the mother's day tradition.

Despite Jarvis's misgivings, Mother's Day has flourished in the United States. In fact, the second Sunday of May has become the most popular day of the year to dine out, and telephone lines record their highest traffic, as sons and daughters everywhere take advantage of this day to honor and to express appreciation of their mothers